The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond
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Contents Findings Part I Part II Part III References Abbreviations/Glossary Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 Maps

The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond: a draft concept paper prepared for the Tashkent Conference

This paper provides the beginning of a strategy for emergency seed supply for Afghanistan. This version focuses largely on wheat, but the plan is to broaden it, with the help of contributors to many other agricultural crops as well. This version has been prepared as a resource for use at the relief planning meeting to be held in Tashkent, 20-21 January 2002.     
  • John Dennis
    Consultant, Sustainable Development Associates
    Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
  • Ayman Diab
    Microbiologist and graduate student
    Dept. of Plant Breeding
    Cornell University
    Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
  • Peter Trutmann
    Director, International Integrated Pest Management
    Cornell University
    Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

Part I

Context of Providing Seed Aid to Afghanistan
Guidelines for the emergency provision of wheat seed to Afghanistan's wheat farmers over the next two to three years. Emphasizes immediate strategies for rain-fed areas and the need to build in robustness in the whole system especially through appropriate strategies that provide adequate relevant genetic diversity.

1.0 - Introduction
1.1 - Food Production
1.2 - Recent Wheat Improvement Efforts
1.3 - Are different Strategies Needed for the Irrigated and Non-Irrigated Areas?

Part II

A Methodology for Appropriate Emergency Seed Aid Response
Rough estimates of the amounts of cereal seed needed in Afghanistan in 2002-2003 Some assumptions are discussed and a methodology for planning seed aid is outlined.

2.1 - Cultivar Selection Process
2.2 - Recommendations regarding UXO
2.3 - The risks associated with an over-emphasis on modern variety seed
2.4 - Hypothetical Seed Aid Needs in 2002

Part III

Linking emergency seed aid to building capacity for a local and national seed industry
Provision of short-term emergency seed aid can be linked to further capacity building and expansion of the existing seed industry has been ably led by the FAO Seed Program established in 1988 and subsequently assisted by UNOCHA and various NGOs.

3.1 - The FAO-led Approach
3.2 - Rescue and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Afghanistan
3.3 - Linking Emergency Response to Sustainable Development


1: Conversion table of Afghan to Julian months
2: Cropping Calendar in Afghanistan
3: List of the Crop Cultivars Tested and Released in Afghanistan during 1994-2000
4: Exotic Wheat Varieties that May be Suitable for Planting in Afghanistan
5: Wheat seeds from Afghanistan stored in ex situ germ plasm collections
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